Which Job Requires What Qualities & How Much Can You Earn In Different IT Jobs

  • 05 May , 2018
  • Admin

IT industry in India has been one of the most important industries for contributing in the Indian Economy. The IT sector is a rapidly growing industry and even the demand of work force in IT industry has been increase rapidly. With every business works turning into computerization is leading to an increase in the demand for Software Professionals and Engineers. IT industries have got a lot of career options available which is sure to lead you towards a bright future. Career Options available in IT field are as follows :

1)  Software Developer :

Software Developer is the one who is solely responsible for designing, testing, installation and maintenance of the software systems.

Roles & Responsibilities of a Software Developer are as follows  :

  1. Analyse the needs of users and accordingly design, test and develop the software matching their requirements.
  2. Advising them on new ideas for System Improvements or software upgrades.
  3. Designing each piece of an application or system and putting it altogether to make it work.
  4. Working on the Program Codes and Detailed specifications
  5. Prepare the training manuals for users.
  6. Ensure the maintenance of the software.
  • Educational Qualifications to become a Software Developer is graduation in computer science, software engineering or other related fields.
  • Skills required to become a Software Developer are Communication, Creativity, Analytical, Computer, Interpersonal and Problem Solving Skills.
  • Duration of your work will be mostly 37 to 40 hours a week, but in order to meet the deadlines you might as well have to work for longer hours.
  • The average salary of a software developer is around 4,00,000 – 5,00,000 rest depends on the experience, capabilities and knowledge.
  • The best part about Software developer is there will be constant and increasing demand of your skills and this field also offers opportunity to become a freelancer or consultant which can help you in setting your own business.
  • The major drawback of being a Software Developer is working for your clients will demand you to spend more of your time in their premises.

Career related to Software Developer can be :

  • Computer and Information Research Scientists
  • Computer Hardware Engineers
  • Computer and Information Systems Managers
  • Computer Network Architects
  • Computer Support Specialists
  • Database Administrators
  • Information Security Analysts
  • Computer Programmers
  • Mathematicians
  • Web Developers

2)  Database Administrator :

Database Administrator plays the key role in organizing and managing the company’s data.

Roles and responsibilities of a Database Administrator are as follows :

  1. Implementing, Supporting, and Managing the Corporate Database.
  2. Up gradation or improvements in the current database.
  3. Design Data distribution and data archiving solutions.
  4. Ensure database security and the backup.
  5. Transfer database information to integrated mobile devices.
  6. Tracking information source efficiency.
  7. Training co workers on extracting the data.
  • Educational Qualifications to become Database Administrator can is Graduation degree in Computer science, Computer Information system (CIS) or database management.
  • Database Administrator should have Proficiency in one or more leading database management systems like Microsoft SQL Server, IBM DB2, MySQL and Oracle.
  • Skills required for Database Administrator are great systematic and organizational skills, knowledge of SQL, should be able to perform quickly even under pressure or deadlines, updated knowledge of technological innovation and Data Protection Act, knowledge of accounting, decision making ability, Mathematical acumen etc.
  • Duration of Work will be around 40 hours rest depends on the workload and deadlines.
  • Average Salary for Database Administrator will be 4,50,000-5,00,000 per year rest depends on their skills and knowledge.
  • The best part of being a Database Administrator is you get to work with different people on different projects which helps you gain vast knowledge of varied fields.
  • The major drawback of being a Database Administrator is the risk of database failure can create a lot of stress of your job.

Careers related to Database Administrator can be :

  • Database Administrator
  • SQL Server Database Administrator
  • MySQL Database Administrator
  • IBM DB2 Database Administrator
  • PeopleSoft Database Administrator
  • Oracle Database Administrator
  • Senior SQL Database Administrator
  • Senior Oracle Database Administrator
  • Oracle Application Specialist
  • Database Administration Team Leader

3)  Hardware Engineer :

Hardware professionals deals with different hardware components like chips, computer systems, processor, motherboard, circuit boards, RAM, keyboards and printers, external hard disks etc. It is important for them to have knowledge of all these hardware components.

Roles and Responsibilities of Hardware Engineer are as follows :

  1. Design the Computer Hardware and supervising the production of computer hardware equipment.
  2. Test the completed models of computer hardware designer by them
  3. Update existing computer equipments to make it compatible with the latest softwares.
  4. Keep an eye on the manufacturing process for computer hardware.
  5. Provide support to technicians.
  • Education Qualifications to become Hardware Engineer are graduation in computer engineering or electrical engineering. Should have a solid base in math and science. Accreditation by ABET can increase your value. Even MBA in computer engineering can turn out to be useful.
  • Skills required for Hardware Engineer are Analytical Skills, Creativity, Speaking Skills, Problem Solving Skills, and Critical thinking skills .
  • Duration of Work for Hardware Engineer is 40 hours a week rest depends on the project load and deadlines.
  • Average Salary Hardware Engineer can get is between 6,00,000 – 8,00,000 depending on their skills and knowledge
  • The best part about Hardware Engineer is that they get to work with newest technologies.
  • The major drawback is that their work gets monotonous as it is more focused on narrow based project.

 Career related to Hardware Engineer can be :

  • Aerospace Engineers
  • Computer and Information System Managers
  • Computer and Information Research Scientists
  • Computer Programmers
  • Computer Network Architects
  • Electrical and Electronics Engineers
  • Mathematicians
  • Information Security Analysts
  • Mechanical Engineers
  • Software developers

4)  System Analyst :

System Analyst has got several roles in a company. They take care of  computer systems and procedures, designs new information systems as per the company’s to ensure that the organization works effectively and efficiently.

Roles and responsibilities of System Analyst are as follows :

  1. Determining IT role in an organization after consulting the manager.
  2. Identify new ways that can be added to the functionality of existing computer systems.
  3. Conducts varied tests at regular intervals to ensure accurate working of all the systems.
  4. Research new technologies and identifying its need in improving organization’s efficiency.
  5. Training the ones who use systems.
  6. Prepare an analysis of the costs and benefits of the existing information system so that management can decide on installing the new systems.
  • Education Qualifications to become System Analyst demands you to secure your bachelor’s degree in computer related field. MBA degree can be an added advantage for you.
  • Skills required to become System Analyst are Analytical Skills, Creativity, Communication Skills.
  • Duration of Work for System Analyst will be around 37-40 hours a week. Overtime can be the case if there is a need of meeting certain deadlines.
  • Average Salary for System Analyst is 6,02,094 per year. Experience of a person has moderate effect on the income or the job.
  • The best part of being a System Analyst is you have good amount of flexibility as you get to work on variety of Projects.
  • The biggest drawback is in case of System Failure, you might have to face a situation of high stress.

Career related to System Analyst can be :

  • Programmer Analyst
  • Software Engineer
  • Senior Software Engineer
  • System Administrators
  • Network Administrators
  • Technical Support
  • Customer Service Representative

5)  Network Architect :

Computer Network Architects help in designing and building the data communication networks which include local area networks (LANs), Wide area networks (WANs) and intranets. Network architects are tend to have wide and detailed knowledge of the business plan of an organization to help them design a network which will effectively work for the organization.

Roles and responsibilities of Network Architect are as follows :

  1. Planning a layout for data communication network.
  2. Deciding on which hardware to install for supporting the network.
  3. Present the plan to the management with accurate explanation on how will it be beneficial to the organization.
  4. Research the new technology so as to identify which will support the organization in the best possible way.
  5. Look into the information security while designing for a network
  6. Determining the position of the cables to be laid on the building and also the hardware position.
  7. Creating and maintaining the Project reporting Systems.

Career Scope of Network Architect is as follows :

  • Computer and Information Research Scientists
  • Computer and Information Systems Managers
  • Computer Programmers
  • Computer Hardware Engineers
  • Computer Systems Analysts
  • Computer Support Specialists
  • Database Administrators
  • Software Developers
  • Network and Computer System Administrators

6)  Web Developer :

Web developers help in creating and modifying a website. They indulge in developing page layouts, page features, website styling etc.

Roles and Responsibilities of the Web developers are as follows :

  1. Creating Website layout/user interface with the help of HTML/CSS practices.
  2. Writing well designed testable code with the help of best software development practices.
  3. Integrating the data from various back-end services and databases.
  4. Based on the technical needs and demands gather and refine specifications and requirements.
  5. Maintaining, expanding and scaling our site.
  6. Stay updated with emerging technologies and applying them into operations and activities.
  • Educational Qualifications needed to become a Web developer is bachelor’s degree
  • Skills required to become a Web Developer is Actively seek new programming knowledge, detail oriented, experience with photoshop, flexibility, experience in building products with HTML/CSS/JS and other front end technologies, familiar with Development and Debugging tools.
  • Duration of working hours is almost full time as most of web developers are self employed.
  • Average Salary of web developers is around 2,00,000-3,00,000 per annum depending upon their skills and capabilities in this field.
  • The best part of being a Web Developer is flexibility in schedule and working terms.
  • The biggest drawback of being a Web developer is Project deadlines tend to create a lot of stress.

Career scope of being Web developer is as follows :

  • Front End web developer
  • Back End Web Developer
  • Web Application Developer
  • UI designer
  • Design and layout analyst
  • Senior Web analyst
  • UX Principal
  • UX consultant
  • Senior Web Analyst
  • Web Marketing Analyst

7)  Information Analyst :

Companies have huge data which needs to be stored and protected properly. To provide complete security to the data, effective security system is established in the company. Information analyst is the one who analysis the information systems and provides the required security to the confidential data of the company. Information Analyst is the one who operates reporting and analysis software.

Roles and Responsibilities of Information Analyst are as follows :

  1. Analysing the computer systems in a company and correcting the flaws in the systems.
  2. Collection the information related to requirements of the system and understanding the issues related to the security.
  3. Ensure that company has needed inventory, and if not ordering the required materials as per the requirements.
  4. Installing necessary software and hardware in the systems and upgrading it on regular basis.
  5. Configuring the Systems from the scratch and looking into the security issues of the same.
  6. Merging multiple data input data sources so as to create a central access to all the secured data of the company.
  7. Ensure that integrity of the data is well maintained.
  8. Looking for cost effective system solutions in the market.
  • Educational Qualifications for Information Analyst is Bachelor’s degree in business administration, finance, computer science or any other related fields.
  • Skills required to become Information Analyst is Reading and Writing Skills, Interpersonal Skills, Decision making skills, Critical thinking skills, troubleshooting skill, detailed knowledge of computers, analytical software, databases and also the operating systems.
  • Duration of working hours for Information Analyst is 40 hours a week depending on the work load.
  • Average salary of Information Analyst is 4,00,000 – 5,00,000 per annum.
  • The best part of being an Information Analyst is the Job security as the cyber threats never tend decrease instead it is increasing.
  • The worst part of being an Information Analyst is they need to adapt frequent changes every and now and then which demands to change their patterns.

Career scope of being Information Analyst is as follows :

  • Application analyst
  • Data analyst
  • Data scientist
  • Database administrator
  • Information systems manager
  • IT consultant
  • IT technical support officer
  • Systems analyst
  • Systems developer

8)  IT support :

IT support officers are the ones who look into the monitoring and maintaining the computer systems. Organizations are dependent on the computer systems in majority of their operational areas and decision making processes. This is why the maintenance of the IT systems is crucial.

Roles and responsibilities of IT support are as follows :

  1. Looking into the installation and configuration of the computer hardware operating systems and the applications.
  2. Maintaining the customer relations to solve their queries and also maintaining the co ordination with the staff solving all their issues.
  3. Troubleshooting network, hardware or software related problems and getting it solved.
  4. Providing procedural documentation and also other relevant reports.
  5. Setting up new users accounts and helping them with creating their profiles along with solving their password issues.
  6. Prioritising and managing the open cases.
  7. Testing and Evaluating new technology.
  • Educational Qualifications to become IT support is degree of Business Information technology, Business systems engineering, Computer Science, Computer networking and hardware, computer software development, Information technology, Software Engineering.
  • Skills required to become IT support are Logical thinking, sharp memory, great listening and questioning skills, ability to work well in a team, strong customer focus, problem solving skills.
  • Duration of work is mostly 7-8 hours day, extra hours may be demanded depending on the work load.
  • Average Salary of an IT support is 2,00,000- 3,00,000 per annum.
  • The best part of being an IT support is it provides flexibility in the schedule.
  • The worst part of being an IT support is it demands you to available constantly for solving the queries of the customers.

Career scope of being an IT support is as follows :

  • Computer Network
  • Desktop Support
  • Contract Hardware Maintenance
  • Managed hosting Providers
  • Call centres


With so many career options available in the IT field you are bound to get confused in deciding which field will match your capabilities and talents. You don’t need to worry at all. We at AYM institute will not only help you shape your future but will also mentor you on deciding which field will take you to the peaks of success. Visit, book an appointment and lets sit over the cup over coffee discussing and shaping your future well.